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Our Specialities


Urology is a part of health care that deals with diseases of the male and female urinary tract (kidneys, ureters, bladder and urethra). Since health problems in these body parts can happen to everyone, urologic health is important.

Urology is known as a surgical specialty. Besides surgery, a urologist is a doctor with wisdom of internal medicine, pediatrics, gynecology and other parts of health care. This is because a urologist encounters a wide range of clinical problems. The scope of urology is big and the American Urological Association has named seven subspecialty parts:

  • Pediatric Urology (children's urology)
  • Male Infertility
  • Calculi (urinary tract stones)
  • Female Urology
  • Neurourology (nervous system control of genitourinary organs)

Why Gangappa Hospital ?

The Department of Urology at Gangappa Hospital provides medical and surgical care for various Genito-urinary conditions related to kidneys, adrenal glands, ureters, urinary bladder, urethra.

The Centre of Excellence in Urology at Gangappa Hospitals boasts of skilled urologists who are working round- the- clock as a team to bring out the best quality care and they are acclaimed for their diagnosis and treatment of the most challenging urological diseases.

Furthermore, Gangappa Hospital is a unique resource for those suffering from diseases of the urinary system, including the kidneys, bladder and prostate gland. As the multispeciality care centre in North bengaluru, we are proud to offer some of the region’s finest experts covering every major urology and nephrology speciality.


What We Treat

General Medicine

Other Urological Surgeries/ Minimally Invasive Surgeries

Laser TURP

Transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP) is surgery to remove prostate tissue. This is done when an overgrown prostate gland is pressing on the urethra and making it hard to urinate. After laser surgery, you will have a urinary catheter for a short time.

RIRS (Retrograde Intrarenal Surgery)

Retrograde intrarenal surgery (RIRS) is a procedure for doing surgery within the kidney using a viewing tube called a fibrotic endoscope. In RIRS the scope is placed through the urethra (the urinary opening) into the bladder and then through the ureter into the urine-collecting part of the kidney. The scope thus is moved retrograde (up the urinary tract system) to within the kidney (intrarenal). RIRS is done to remove a stone. The stone is seen through the scope and can then be manipulated or crushed by an ultrasound probe or evaporated by a laser probe or grabbed by small forceps, etc. This method is generally preferred for stone sizes less than 20-25mm.

Female Urology (Urinary Incontinence)

Urine passed without control.
Causes: The most common causes of urinary incontinence in women are stress urinary incontinence and urge urinary incontinence. Women with both problems have mixed urinary incontinence. Stress urinary incontinence is caused by loss of support of the urethra which is usually a consequence of damage to pelvic support structures as a result of childbirth. It is characterized by leaking of small amounts of urine with activities which increase abdominal pressure such as coughing, sneezing and lifting.


Ureteroscopy is a procedure to address kidney stones, and involves the passage of a small telescope, called a ureteroscope, through the urethra and bladder and up the ureter to the point where the stone is located.

VIU(Visual Internal Urethrotomy)/ Urethral Dilatation

VIU and/or urethral dilation is usually the initial treatment approach offered in most cases of male urethral stricture, with no difference in efficacy between urethral dilation and urethrotomy.

ESWL (Extracorporeal Shock Wave Lithotripsy)

ESWL involves the administration of a series of shock waves generated by a machine called a lithotripter. The shock waves are focused by x-ray onto the kidney stone and travel into the body through skin and tissue, reaching the stone where they break it into small fragments.

PCNL(Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy)/ Mini PCNL

PCNL is a technique used to remove certain stones in the kidney or upper ureter (the tube that drains urine from the kidney to the bladder) that are too large for other forms of stone treatment such as shock wave lithotripsy or ureteroscopy.

Reconstructive Urology

Reconstructive urology is surgery to restore normal function by repairing, rerouting, or recreating areas of the upper and lower urinary tract and some reproductive organs.

DJ Stenting

Ureteral double J (DJ) stents are frequently used to relieve ureteral obstruction and almost as a routine part of the ureteroscopic procedures by many surgeons. DJ stent placement has the potential side effects such as flank pain and urinary tract infection (UTI) due to retrograde urine flow.


Urologic oncologists are trained to treat urinary tract malignancies using a variety of tools and technologies designed to treat the disease while sparing healthy tissue. A urologic oncologist will work closely with your care team to tailor treatments to your specific cancer, help reduce side effects and address issues of sexual function.


What is Urology?

Urology is a part of health care that deals with diseases of the male and female urinary tract (kidneys, ureters, bladder and urethra). It also deals with the male organs that are able to make babies (penis, testes, scrotum, prostate, etc.).

What are Urology Symptoms?

  • Blood in the urine.
  • Pain when you urinate.
  • Changes in urinary pattern.
  • Frequent need to urinate.
  • Inability to urinate.
  • Weak or hesitant urinary stream.
  • Incontinence (difficulty holding urine or leaking)
  • Pain in the lower abdomen.

What are common problems of Urinary system?

  • Bladder infections - (cystitis) usually caused by bacteria.
  • Enlarged prostate - in men, this can make it difficult to empty the bladder.
  • Incontinence - when urine leaks out of the urethra.
  • Kidney infections - when a bladder infection ‘backs up’ the ureters.
  • Kidney stones - caused by infection and high blood levels of calcium.

What is UTI?

A urinary tract infection (UTI) is an infection in any part of your urinary system — your kidneys, ureters, bladder and urethra. Most infections involve the lower urinary tract — the bladder and the urethra.